- Aquatic Biomes
- lakes and ponds
- brackish water
- Sexual Dimorphism
- female larger
- Range length
- 3 to 7 mm
- 0.12 to 0.28 in
- Development - Life Cycle
- Breeding season
- Eggs laid in the winter
- Range number of offspring
- 4 to 250
- Average number of offspring
There is no information about parental investment inreported in the literature.
- Parental Investment
- no parental involvement
There is no information on the home range ofreported in the literature.
Communication and Perception
Adult argulids can respond to some chemical cues. They have higher sensory abilities, swimming abilities, and metabolism than juveniles, so the adults are less dependent on host attachment, allowing them to leave one host in search for another of higher preference. At the individual level, the searching abilities of (Bandilla, et al., 2005; Pasternak, et al., 2000)are limited, so changes at the population level, such as host preference and aggregation, are necessary to increase reproductive success and survivorship, in light of unpredictable host availability.
- Perception Channels
- Animal Foods
Direct predation of free-swimming (Taylor, et al., 2006)by trout and some other fish species has been observed.
- Known Predators
Cyprinidae, Salmonidae, Gobiidae, Gasterosteidae, and Acipenseridae, as well as amphibians, including frogs and toads (Anura). In fish farms of Central Finland, it was found to coexist with Argulus coregoni, a closely related ectoparasite. In addition to its function in ecosystems as a parasite, can also be a vector for bacteria and flagellates, and it serves as an intermediate host of nematodes in the family Skrjabillanidae. (Oktener, et al., 2006; Pasternak, et al., 2004; Walker, et al., 2007)is often noted for its role in ecosystems as an ectoparasite. With a low host specificity, it has been found on almost every type of freshwater fish within its natural habitat, yet some fish are more susceptible than others. has been reported on fish in the families
- Ecosystem Impact
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
There are no known positive effects ofon humans.
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
Jessica Kafer (author), The College of New Jersey, Keith Pecor (editor), The College of New Jersey, Renee Mulcrone (editor), Special Projects.
living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
living in the northern part of the Old World. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa.
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
- brackish water
areas with salty water, usually in coastal marshes and estuaries.
an animal that mainly eats meat
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
mainly lives in water that is not salty.
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
specialized for swimming
reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body.
an organism that obtains nutrients from other organisms in a harmful way that doesn't cause immediate death
an animal that mainly eats blood
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle).
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Bandilla, M., T. Hakalahti, P. Hudson, E. Valtonen. 2005. Aggregation of Argulus coregoni (Crustacea: Branchiura) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): a consequence of host susceptibility or exposure?. Parasitology, 130: 1-8. Accessed March 02, 2011 at http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/p/j/pjh18/downloads/168_Bandilla_%20et_al_2004_Argulus_aggregation_%20Parasitology.pdf.
Cross, D., R. Stott. 1974. The effect of Argulus foliaceus L. on the growth and mortality of a grass carp population. Fisheries Management, 5: 39-42.
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Oktener, A., J. Trilles, I. Leonardos. 2007. Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish. Turkiye Parazitologi Dergisi, 31: 154-157. Accessed March 02, 2011 at http://www.tparazitolderg.org/pdf/pdf_TPD_260.pdf.
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Pasternak, A., V. Mikheev, E. Valtonen. 2000. Life history characteristics of Argulus foliaceus L. (Crustacea: Branchiura) populations in Central Finland. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 37: 25-35. Accessed March 02, 2011 at http://www.sekj.org/PDF/anzf37/anzf37-025p.pdf.
Taylor, N., C. Sommerville, R. Wootten. 2006. The epidemiology of Argulus spp. (Crustacea: Branchiura) infections in stillwater trout fisheries. Journal of Fish Diseases, 29: 193-200.
Walker, P., J. Harris, G. van der Velde, S. Bonga. 2007. Size matters: stickleback size and infection with Argulus foliaceus (L., 1758) (Branchiura, Arguloida). Crustaceana, 80: 1397-1401.