This species is said to be largely terrestrial, however it has been documented to climb into trees in search of food (Nowak 1999). It prefers densely vegetated habitats near water sources in both primary and secondary forests (Nowak 1999, Schreiber 1989). Local hunters state that the species may approach houses to feed on kitchen wastes, showing that (Nowak, 1999; Schreiber, 1989)may survive near villages (Schreiber 1989).
- Terrestrial Biomes
- Other Habitat Features
The body form and markings of Owston's palm civet are similar to those of the banded palm civet, Hemigalus derbyanus, but without neck-hairs that are reversed in direction. Both species have a pattern of stripes and bands arranged longitudinally in dark and light crescents over their body and tail (four dorsal bands seem to be the maximum number for ), but unlike H. derbyanus, has rows of small, black spots on its neck, sides, and limbs as well as a tail that is dark for its last two-thirds. On the otherwise pale underside of , a narrow, orange line is situated mid-ventrally from the chest to the groin (Nowak 1997). The head of is fairly small with a long tapering snout containing small teeth (Kanchanasakha et alia 1998). The incisors are close-set, broad, and arranged in a semicircle, a unique, distinguishable characteristic from the rest of the viverrids and even carnivores (Nowak 1997). Contrastingly, Grzimek's states that the species has a similar dentition to that of H. derbyanus, related to their similarity in diet (Grzimek 1990). (Grzimek, 1990; Kanchanasakha, et al., 1998; Nowak, 1999)
- Average mass
- 2-3 kg
- Average mass
- 3250 g
- 114.54 oz
- Average length
- 50-64 cm
Based on information gathered from captive animals, mating usually occurs in January and March; however, it may last until November. There is a 60-day gestation period, and each female has one to two litters each year containing one to three young per litter. Newborn (Nowak, 1999)weigh around 75-88 grams (Nowak 1999).
- Key Reproductive Features
- seasonal breeding
- gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)
Owston's palm civet is a nocturnal forager and supposedly is solitary in the wild. Dens are constructed under large tree trunks and in dense brush or may be located in natural holes in trees, rocks, or the soil.marks its territory with secretions from its anal/genital (Nowak 1999). This foul-smelling secretion may also be used in predator defense. Their conspicuous pelage may serve as a warning of this toxicity (Nowak 1999).
In captivity, males and females are said to peacefully co-exist. Even when a new individual is released inside the paddock, there is no aggression or hostility in the group (Nowak 1999). (Nowak, 1999)
Communication and Perception
- Primary Diet
- Animal Foods
- terrestrial non-insect arthropods
- Plant Foods
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
Due to the restricted the range of this species, habitat destruction and over-hunting are believed to have an impact on populations of Chrotogale on its Red List as Vulnerable, and CITES lists it in Appendix II (Zoos Victoria, 2001).. Without sufficient information on the species in the wild, there can be no exact conservation status. Nevertheless, IUCN has placed
Robert Adams (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Kate Teeter (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor.
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
a substance used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease
animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Convergent in birds.
A substance that provides both nutrients and energy to a living thing.
forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality.
offspring are produced in more than one group (litters, clutches, etc.) and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons (or periodic condition changes).
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
- native range
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
active during the night
found in the oriental region of the world. In other words, India and southeast Asia.
Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody (usually, but not always, a river or stream).
- seasonal breeding
breeding is confined to a particular season
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
uses touch to communicate
Living on the ground.
the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south.
reproduction in which fertilization and development take place within the female body and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the female.
Grzimek, B. 1990. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kanchanasakha, B., S. Simcharoen, U. Than. 1998. Carnivores of Mainland South-East Asia. Bangkok: Endangered Species Unit, WWF-Thailand Project Office.
Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th ed. v.1. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Schreiber, A. 1989. Weasels, Civets, Mongooses, and Their Relatives : an action plan for the conservation of mustelids and viverrids. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Zoos Victoria, 2001. "Owston's Palm Civet Conservation Program" (On-line). Conservation Concerns. Accessed November 19, 2001 at http://www.zoo.org.au/conservation/31_civet.htm.