The crimson saltflat tiger beetle, Cicindela fulgida westbournei has been found in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Montana, North Dakota, and Minnesota. The subspecies C. fulgida fulgida has been found in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The subspecies C. fulgida psuedowillistoni has been found in North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. The subspecies C. fulgida rumpii has only been found in New Mexico. (Brust, et al., 2005; Pearson, et al., 2006), ranges from parts of southern Canada in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, throughout the midwestern United States, and as far south as Texas and New Mexico. The subspecies
Distichlis spicata) and red saltwort (Salicornia rubra). The preferred topsoil contains magnesium sulfate, and high temperatures cause constant evaporation, which give the soil a pH of around 8.5. The areas where these beetles can be found are around lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and shallow roadside ditches that have a high salinity. ("Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, fulgida subspecies", 2013; "Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, westbournei subspecies", 2013; Pearson, et al., 2006)is found in habitats that have sparse vegetation and moist salt flats. The preferred vegetation is salt grass (
Cicindela fulgida fulgida adults are a bright coppery red color with three white maculations, and as they age their color begins to darken. The middle maculation is bent so that it runs parallel to the edge of the wing cover. The adults of C. fulgida westbournei are very similar in appearance to C. fulgida fulgida and can often be mistaken as older adults of that subspecies. They have some colormorphs that may be purple, blue, or dark green. Adults of the subspecies C. fulgida rumpii are smaller than other subspecies and have large maculations that can cover over half of the wing covers. Subspecies C. fulgida psuedowillistoni is a dark reddish color, but can range from brown to blue to green. The middle maculation is bent, but does not run parallel to the edge of the wing cover. Adults have large mandibles and eyes that allow them to focus in three dimensions. They have long, thin legs used for quick movement. ("Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, fulgida subspecies", 2013; "Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, westbournei subspecies", 2013; Brust, et al., 2005; Pearson, et al., 2006)are around 9 to 13 mm long, with most individuals ranging from 10 to 11 mm. Along their wing covers they have three different crescent shaped markings known as maculations, that can be used to distinguish some subspecies. Most colormorphs are a shade of red, while some subspecies have colormorphs that can be green, brown, blue, or even purple.
Adult crimson saltflat tiger beetles mate in spring shortly after emerging from overwintering. Males of the ("National Audobon Society: Field Guide to Insects and Spiders", 2000; "Tiger Beetles of the United States", 2013)perform a behavior during mating called mate guarding. The male grasps onto the back of a female with mandibles, and after mating with her will remain clasped to keep other males from mating with her.
There is little known about the specific reproduction habits of Wallis' Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle lays its eggs under vegetation on soil that the larva will be able to burrow into, while other species may create pits and lay their eggs in them which the larva will be able to use as a burrow. ("National Audobon Society: Field Guide to Insects and Spiders", 2000; "Tiger Beetles of the United States", 2013; Lavallee, 2010). Eggs are laid in May. A similar species to the Crimson Saltflt Tiger Beetle, the
Similar tiger beetle species lay their eggs on the soil, where the larvae is able to burrow and survive after hatching. Females of ("National Audobon Society: Field Guide to Insects and Spiders", 2000; "Tiger Beetles of the United States", 2013)also provide provisioning in their eggs. After oviposition, there is no further care given.
Both the larvae and adults of the ("Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, fulgida subspecies", 2013; "Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, westbournei subspecies", 2013; "Tiger Beetles of the United States", 2013; Pearson, et al., 2006)are predators that consume insects, including other tiger beetles, and other arthropods.
Predators of ("Tiger Beetles of the United States", 2013)include spiders, robber flies, dragon flies, toads, lizards, and birds. As larvae they are a target of bee fly parasites, as well as prey for many different types of wasps. As predators themselves, they may be difficult for other predators to take down. Tiger beetles are also very quick runners, and are able to outrun other predators.
There are no known adverse effects ofon humans.
There are four recognized subspecies of the species (Pearson, et al., 2006). They are Cicindela fulgida fulgida, Cicindela fulgida westbournei, Cicindella fulgida psuedowillistoni, and Cicindela fulgida rumpii. All species have the same common name.
Zachary Olson (author), Minnesota State University, Mankato, Robert Sorensen (editor), Minnesota State University, Mankato, Angela Miner (editor), Animal Diversity Web Staff.
living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
a period of time when growth or development is suspended in insects and other invertebrates, it can usually only be ended the appropriate environmental stimulus.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
union of egg and spermatozoan
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
An animal that eats mainly insects or spiders.
fertilization takes place within the female's body
A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body.
Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody (usually, but not always, a river or stream).
breeding is confined to a particular season
offspring are all produced in a single group (litter, clutch, etc.), after which the parent usually dies. Semelparous organisms often only live through a single season/year (or other periodic change in conditions) but may live for many seasons. In both cases reproduction occurs as a single investment of energy in offspring, with no future chance for investment in reproduction.
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
living in residential areas on the outskirts of large cities or towns.
uses touch to communicate
that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle).
Living on the ground.
movements of a hard surface that are produced by animals as signals to others
uses sight to communicate
2000. National Audobon Society: Field Guide to Insects and Spiders. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
2013. "Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, fulgida subspecies" (On-line). Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Accessed March 28, 2013 at http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/rsg/profile.html?action=elementDetail&selectedElement=IICOL023G6.
2013. "Crimson Saltflat Tiger Beetle, westbournei subspecies" (On-line). Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Accessed March 28, 2013 at http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/rsg/profile.html?action=elementDetail&selectedElement=IICOL023G1.
2013. "Tiger Beetles of the United States" (On-line). Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Accessed March 28, 2013 at http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/insects/tigb/intro.htm.
Brust, M., S. Spomer, W. Hoback. 2005. "Tiger beetles of Nebraska" (On-line). Accessed March 28, 2013 at http://www.unk.edu (Version 5APR2005).
Lavallee, S. 2010. "COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Wallis’ Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle" (On-line pdf). Accessed April 28, 2013 at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/ec/CW69-14-587-2010-eng.pdf.
Macrae, T. 2011. "Diversity in Teger Beetle Larval Burrows" (On-line). Beetles in the Bush. Accessed March 28, 2013 at http://beetlesinthebush.wordpress.com/2011/01/13/diversity-in-tiger-beetle-larval-burrows/.
Pearson, D., C. Knisley, C. Kazilek. 2006. A Field Guide to the Tiger Beetles of the United States and Canada: Identification, Natural History, and Distribution of the Cicindelidea. 198 madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016: Oxford Univeristy Press, Inc.