- Biogeographic Regions
- oceanic islands
- atlantic ocean
- pacific ocean
- Other Geographic Terms
- Other Habitat Features
- intertidal or littoral
- Range depth
- 0 to 2909 m
- 0.00 to 9543.96 ft
- Range length
- 50 (high) mm
- 1.97 (high) in
- Development - Life Cycle
Unlike most barnacles, (Anderson, 1994)is hermaphroditic and individuals cross fertilize via a copulatory organ. The large protrusible penis is located on the ventral surface of the abdomen and its top is the opening of the male gonopore. The female gonopores are associated with the base of the first cirri.
Fertilization is internal and the young are brooded in the mantle cavity before they are released. (Cowles, 2005)
- Average gestation period
- 1 weeks
- Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female)
- 30 (low) days
- Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male)
- 30 (low) days
- Parental Investment
Barnacles feed by using tentacular frills on their limbs called cirri. The legs and cirri are extended from between the valves of the captiulum.
Goose barnacles are sessile; they do not move unless they are torn from their current substrate. ("Goose barnacle (Lepas anatifera)", 2010)
- Key Behaviors
Communication and Perception
Little is noted about the communication in.
("Feeding and spawning of the goose barnacle Lepas anatifera (Cirripedia, Lepadidae) on floating substrates in the open Northwestern Pacific Ocean", 2000; Anderson, 1994; Pfeiffer and Lowe, 1989; "Goose barnacle (Lepas anatifera)", 2010)is predatory, capturing prey (shrimp, polyps, young flying fish) with the cirri. Goose barnacles also filter currents, using a feathery filter feeding apparatus. Populations of can also be divided into two groups-monophagous and polyphagous consumers. These two groups differ in their prey size, location, diet composition and diversity, and feeding apparatus morphology.
- Animal Foods
- terrestrial non-insect arthropods
- aquatic or marine worms
- aquatic crustaceans
- other marine invertebrates
- Foraging Behavior
Adultare protected by an outer shell, but still may be preyed on by gastropods, starfish, crabs, and others. As larvae, the barnacles lack a shell, making them vulnerable to planktivores.
Fiona pinnata, a pelagic sea slug, is a known predator of . The sea slug uses its jaws to grasp the barnacle near the junction of the stalk and shell, and then uses its radula to rasp. The barnacle soon gapes open, allowing the sea slug to consume the prey. (Abbott, 1980)
- Known Predators
- Fiona, Fiona pinnata
Adultare filter feeders in the water and are food for various other species.
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
- Positive Impacts
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) was once thought to start life as a goose barnacle ( ) because no one had ever seen its nest.
Renee Mulcrone (editor), Special Projects.
- Atlantic Ocean
the body of water between Africa, Europe, the southern ocean (above 60 degrees south latitude), and the western hemisphere. It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean.
Living in Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, New Guinea and associated islands.
living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
living in the southern part of the New World. In other words, Central and South America.
- Pacific Ocean
body of water between the southern ocean (above 60 degrees south latitude), Australia, Asia, and the western hemisphere. This is the world's largest ocean, covering about 28% of the world's surface.
living in the northern part of the Old World. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa.
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
the nearshore aquatic habitats near a coast, or shoreline.
having a worldwide distribution. Found on all continents (except maybe Antarctica) and in all biogeographic provinces; or in all the major oceans (Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
union of egg and spermatozoan
a method of feeding where small food particles are filtered from the surrounding water by various mechanisms. Used mainly by aquatic invertebrates, especially plankton, but also by baleen whales.
A substance that provides both nutrients and energy to a living thing.
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
- internal fertilization
fertilization takes place within the female's body
- intertidal or littoral
the area of shoreline influenced mainly by the tides, between the highest and lowest reaches of the tide. An aquatic habitat.
A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.
- native range
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
- oceanic islands
islands that are not part of continental shelf areas, they are not, and have never been, connected to a continental land mass, most typically these are volcanic islands.
reproduction in which eggs develop within the maternal body without additional nourishment from the parent and hatch within the parent or immediately after laying.
An aquatic biome consisting of the open ocean, far from land, does not include sea bottom (benthic zone).
an animal that mainly eats fish
- saltwater or marine
mainly lives in oceans, seas, or other bodies of salt water.
non-motile; permanently attached at the base.
Attached to substratum and moving little or not at all. Synapomorphy of the Anthozoa
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
uses touch to communicate
that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle).
animal constituent of plankton; mainly small crustaceans and fish larvae. (Compare to phytoplankton.)
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Wildscreen. 2010. "Goose barnacle (Lepas anatifera)" (On-line). ARKive. Accessed July 29, 2012 at http://www.arkive.org/goose-barnacle/lepas-anatifera/.
Abbott, D. 1980. Intertidal Invertebrates of California. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Anderson, D. 1994. Barnacles: Structure, Function, Development, and Evolution. London: Chapman & Hall.
Castro, J., J. Santiago, V. Hernandez-Garcia. 1999. Fish associated with aggregation devices off the Canary Islands (Central-East Atlantic). Scientia Marina, 63(3-4): 191-198.
Cowles, D. 2005. "Lepas anatifera Linnaeus, 1758" (On-line). Accessed July 29, 2012 at http://www.wallawalla.edu/academics/departments/biology/rosario/inverts/Arthropoda/Crustacea/Maxillopoda/Cirripedia/Lepas_anatifera.html.
Donovan, E. 2010. The Natural History of British Shells, Vol I. South Carolina: BiblioBazaar.
NOBANIS, 2008. "Lepas anatifera Linnaeus, 1758 – Common goose barnacle" (On-line). NOBANIS European Network on Invasive Alien Species. Accessed July 29, 2012 at http://www.nobanis.org/MarineIdkey/Barnacles/LepasAnatifera.htm.
Neal, K. 2007. "Common goose barnacle - Lepas anatifera" (On-line). MarLIN - The Marine Life Information Network. Accessed July 29, 2012 at http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=3643.
Patel, B. 1959. The influence of temperature on the reproduction and moulting of Lepas anatifera L. under laboratory conditions. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 38(3): 589-597.
Pfeiffer, C., K. Lowe. 1989. Cirral structure of the pedunculated marine barnacle Lepas anatifera L. (Crustacea, Cirripedia) -- I. Ultrastructure of the Neuromuscular Apparatus. Acta Zoologica, 70(4): 243-252.
Southward, A. 2010. "WoRMS" (On-line). World Register of Marine Species. Accessed July 29, 2012 at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=106149.
Witschi, E. 1935. The chromosomes of hermaphrodites. The Biological Bulletin, 68 (2): 263-267.