Moniezia benedeni, through the patterns of interproglottidal glands. In these glands from a rosette pattern around depressions into the posterior surface while M. benedeni glands are linear. (Taylor, 1928)can be distinguished from a similar species,
does not have a complex mating system.
The strobila of (Melhorn, 2001), which contain chains of mature male and female proglottids, allow for reproduction within a proglottid or copulation with other proglottids and proglottids of other tapeworms. Once reproduction has occurred, proglottids containing fertilized eggs (gravid proglottid) will reach the end of the strobila and detach into the host feces.
Mass amounts of eggs must be produced to counter high mortality seen in the egg and larval form. This is caused by environmental conditions and the absence of ingestion by the intermediate and definitive host. (Olsen, 1986)
shows no parental investment.
The lifespan/longevity ofhas not been studied.
Specific behavior of (Brusca and Brusca, 1990)have not been studied but adult Cestoda have no cilia, and thus do not travel.
Cestodes, including (Brusca and Brusca, 1990)contain no digestive system, and therefore absorb nutrients from the host’s intestine through their tegument, or external covering. Projections of microvilli aid in the absorption of nutrients through an increase in surface area.
are not predatory or preyed upon directly.
There are no known positive effects ofon humans.
Althoughdoes not directly negatively affect humans, it can indirectly affect humans through the loss of cattle and sheep. The stockbreeding loss associated with infection of in cattle and sheep can cause an economic loss affecting humans with an income based on cattle and sheep.
Andrea Smith (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Heidi Liere (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, John Marino (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Barry OConnor (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Renee Mulcrone (editor), Special Projects.
living in sub-Saharan Africa (south of 30 degrees north) and Madagascar.
living in the southern part of the New World. In other words, Central and South America.
living in the northern part of the Old World. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa.
living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture.
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
either directly causes, or indirectly transmits, a disease to a domestic animal
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
a period of time when growth or development is suspended in insects and other invertebrates, it can usually only be ended the appropriate environmental stimulus.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
union of egg and spermatozoan
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
fertilization takes place within the female's body
A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
found in the oriental region of the world. In other words, India and southeast Asia.
reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body.
an organism that obtains nutrients from other organisms in a harmful way that doesn't cause immediate death
uses touch to communicate
that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle).
Living on the ground.
the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south.
breeding takes place throughout the year
Barriga, O. 1994. Veterinary Parasitology. Columbus: Greyden Press.
Beveridge, I., L. Khalil, A. Jones, R. Bray. 1994. Keys to the Cestode Parasites of Vertebrates. Wallingford: CAB International.
Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Chilton, N., M. O'Callaghan, I. Beveridge, R. Andrews. 2007. Genetic markers to distinguish Moniezia expansa from M. benedeni. Parasitology Research, 100: 1187.
Elliot, D. 1993. Tapeworm (Moniezia expansa) and its effect on sheep production: the evidence reviewed. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 106 (4): 429-440.
Gomez-Puerta, , Denegre. 2008. Occurrence of Moniezia expansa in dometic pig. Veterinary Parasitology, 33: 191-194.
Melhorn, H. 2001. Encyclopedic Reference of Parasitology. Berlin: Springer.
Olsen, O. 1986. Animal parasites: their life cycles and ecology. Baltimore, MD: University Park Press.
Stunkard, H. 1939. The development of Moniezia expansa in the intermediate host. Parasitology, 30: 491-501.
Taylor, E. 1928. Moniezia, a genus of cestode worms, and the proposed reduction of its species to three. Proceedings of the US Natational Museum, 74: 1-9.