Within the United States,has been reported in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Iowa, and Missouri. Within Mexico it has been found in Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, and Chihuahua. However, is predominately reported in Texas and Tamaulipas (Dr. Luis Rodriquez, personal communication).
- Terrestrial Biomes
- savanna or grassland
- Other Habitat Features
- Range length
- 1.3 to 1.7 cm
- 0.51 to 0.67 in
- Development - Life Cycle
- Mating System
- Plant Foods
- roots and tubers
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
The adultdoes not have a serious economic impact. Its buzzing, strong attraction to lights, and clumsy flight causes many humans to regard them as pests. The adult also feeds on foliage causing an eyesore for gardeners, although they cause very little damage to the health of the plant.
- Negative Impacts
- crop pest
This species does not require any special status or protective measures. (Ueckert, 1979)
Sara Diamond (author), Animal Diversity Web.
Shelby Knight (author), Southwestern University, Stephanie Fabritius (editor), Southwestern University.
living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture.
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
an animal that mainly eats leaves.
An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants.
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
- native range
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
active during the night
having more than one female as a mate at one time
that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle).
Living on the ground.
- tropical savanna and grassland
A terrestrial biome. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia.
A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome.
- temperate grassland
A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands.
Crocker, R., M. Merchant. 1995. White Grubs in Texas Turfgrass. Texas Agricultural Extension Service Leaflet, L-1131: 1-2.
Cronholm, G., A. Knutson, R. Parker, G. Teetes, B. Pendleton. 1998. Managing Insect and Mite Pests of Texas Sorghum. Texas Agricultural Extension Service Leaflet, B-1220: 8.
Drees, B., J. Jackman. 1998. A Field Guide to Common Texas Insects. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company.
Frankie, G., M. Gaylor. 1979. The relationship of rainfall to adult flight activity; and of soil moisture to oviposition behavior and egg and first instar survival in Phyllophaga crinita.. Environmental Entomology, 8: 591-594.
Grzimek, D. 1972. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia Volume 2 - Insects. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
Klots, A., E. Klots. 1959. Living Insects of the World. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company Inc..
Ueckert, D. 1979. Impact of a white grub (Phyllophaga crinita) on a shortgrass community and evaluation of selected rehabilitation practices. Journal of Range Management, 32: 445.