- Aquatic Biomes
- Range depth
- 10 (high) m
- 32.81 (high) ft
- Sexual Dimorphism
- male larger
- Range length
- 11 to 15 cm
- 4.33 to 5.91 in
There is no information available regarding the development of.
Like many seahorses, seahorses, males carry eggs during development and manipulate them using a modified anal fin. Throughout pregnancy, males and females strengthen pair bonds with daily greetings. (Lourie, et al., 2004; Oconer, et al., 2003; Wilson and Vincent, 2000)is monogamous and mates multiple times in a season, sometimes with the same partner over multiple breeding seasons. Females deposit their eggs into the male's brood pouch, which is separated from the body cavity by a wall of cartilage. Like other
- Mating System
- Key Reproductive Features
- gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)
- Breeding interval
- Seahorses mate soon after giving birth.
- Range number of offspring
- 10 to 250
- Parental Investment
There is no information available regarding the average lifespan of (Wilson and Vincent, 2000). Maintaining seahorses in aquaria has a low success rate due to complications such as a need for large quantities of food, failure to recognize signs of starvation, and problems with external parasites and bacterial pathogens.
There is little information available regarding the general behavior of Hippocamous barbouri. It spends most of its time attached to hard corals and other solid surfaces. (Cato and Brown, 2003)
There is no information available regarding the average home range size of (Cato and Brown, 2003). This species is relatively sedentary and remains attached to corals for extended periods of time.
Communication and Perception
There is no information available concerning communication and perception in. However, all fish have a lateral line system that allows them to perceive changes in temperature and pressure in the surrounding environment, and their eyes allow them to receive visual stimulation as well.
- Primary Diet
- Animal Foods
- Plant Foods
- Foraging Behavior
- Anti-predator Adaptations
There is no information available concerning the potential ecosystem roles of.
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
There is no information on the economic importance of (Lourie, et al., 2004). In China, seahorses are used in a variety of traditional medicines.
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
There are no known adverse effects ofon humans.
Molly Cobb (author), University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Christopher Yahnke (editor), University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, John Berini (editor), Animal Diversity Web Staff.
uses sound to communicate
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
the nearshore aquatic habitats near a coast, or shoreline.
having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
union of egg and spermatozoan
a method of feeding where small food particles are filtered from the surrounding water by various mechanisms. Used mainly by aquatic invertebrates, especially plankton, but also by baleen whales.
having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature.
- internal fertilization
fertilization takes place within the female's body
offspring are produced in more than one group (litters, clutches, etc.) and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons (or periodic condition changes).
Having one mate at a time.
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
specialized for swimming
- native range
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
found in the oriental region of the world. In other words, India and southeast Asia.
reproduction in which eggs develop within the maternal body without additional nourishment from the parent and hatch within the parent or immediately after laying.
photosynthetic or plant constituent of plankton; mainly unicellular algae. (Compare to zooplankton.)
an animal that mainly eats plankton
- saltwater or marine
mainly lives in oceans, seas, or other bodies of salt water.
remains in the same area
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
a wetland area that may be permanently or intermittently covered in water, often dominated by woody vegetation.
uses touch to communicate
the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south.
uses sight to communicate
animal constituent of plankton; mainly small crustaceans and fish larvae. (Compare to phytoplankton.)
Cato, J., C. Brown. 2003. Marine Ornamental Species: Collection, Culture & Conservation. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company. Accessed March 15, 2011 at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470752722.ch21/pdf.
Kuang, C., L. Chark. 2004. A record of seahorse species (family Syngnathidae) in East Malaysia, with notes on their conservation. Malayan Nature Journal, 56/4: 409-420.
Lourie, S., D. Green, A. Vincent. 2005. Dispersal, habitat differences, and comparative phylogeography of Southeast Asian seahorses (Syngnathidae: Hippocampus). Molecular Ecology, 14/4: 1073–1094. Accessed March 14, 2011 at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02464.x/pdf.
Lourie, S., S. Foster, E. Cooper, A. Vincent. 2004. A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses. Washington DC: Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America. Accessed March 10, 2011 at http://www.traffic.org/species-reports/traffic_species_fish29.pdf.
Mosk, V., N. Thomas, N. Hart, J. Patridge, L. Beazley, J. Shand. 2007. Spectral sensitivities of the seahorses Hippocampus subelongatus and and the pipefish Stigmatopora argus. Visual Neuroscience, 24/3: 345-354.
Oconer, E., A. Herrera, E. Amparado, R. Dela Paz, D. Kime. 2003. Reproductive morphology and gonad development of the male seahorse, Hippocampus barbouri Jordan and Richardson 1908. Asia life sciences, 12/1: 27-38.
Wilson, M., A. Vincent. 2000. Preliminary success in closing the life cycle of exploited seahorse species, Hippocampus spp., in captivity. Aquarium Sciences and Conservation, 2/4: 179–196. Accessed March 14, 2011 at http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/Documents/Journals/2001/Wilson_and_Vincent_2000.pdf.