Kerivoula pictapainted bat

Last updated:

Geographic Range

Southern and eastern India to southern China, Sri Lanka, Hainan to Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Bali and the Lesser Sunda and Molucca Islands.

Habitat

Kerivoula picta often roost in tree hollows and trunks, foliage, huts, and buildings, but also inhabit dry leaves of vines and other plants, plantain fronds, and flowers.

Physical Description

Colors for Kerivoula picta are bright orange or scarlet, with black wings and orange along the fingers. As in other forms of Kerivoula, K. picta possesses long, wooly, rather curly hair, a small, fragile form, large funnel-shaped ears and 38 teeth. Head and body length is 31-57mm. Tail length is 32-55 mm, and forearm length is 27-45 mm.

  • Average mass
    4.5 g
    0.16 oz

Reproduction

  • Key Reproductive Features
  • gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)
  • sexual
  • viviparous
  • Range number of offspring
    1 to 1

Behavior

Painted bats forage late in the evening and generally fly in circles close to the ground with a weak, fluttering flight. They roost solitarily or in groups of 2-6 bats.

Communication and Perception

Food Habits

Insectivorous

Conservation Status

Contributors

Liz Ballenger (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor.

Glossary

Palearctic

living in the northern part of the Old World. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa.

World Map

bilateral symmetry

having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.

chemical

uses smells or other chemicals to communicate

endothermic

animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Convergent in birds.

forest

forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality.

motile

having the capacity to move from one place to another.

native range

the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.

oriental

found in the oriental region of the world. In other words, India and southeast Asia.

World Map

rainforest

rainforests, both temperate and tropical, are dominated by trees often forming a closed canopy with little light reaching the ground. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal.

sexual

reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female

tactile

uses touch to communicate

viviparous

reproduction in which fertilization and development take place within the female body and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the female.

References

Hill, J.E. 1965. Asiatic bats of the genera Kerivoula and Phoniscus (Vespertilionidae) with a note on Kerivoula aerosa Tomes. Mammalia 29: 524-556.

Hill, J.E. and J.D. Smith. 1984. Bats: a natural history. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

Nowak, R.M. Walker's bats of the world. 1994. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Richarz, K. and A. Limbrunner. 1993. The world of bats: the flying goblins of the night. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ.