All members of the genus Microgale are confined to Madagascar.occurs in eastern and east-central Madagascar on the central high plateau.
occurs generally in second growth deciduous forests subjected to seasonal rainfall and cool temperatures during the winter.
The mass of this small insectivore varies by season. Without fat reserves, an individual weighs between 34-45g. With fat reserves stored in the tail and body, a single individual in captivity reached 84g. All members of the genus Microgale possess a cloaca (a single opening for the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts), a trait that is considered primitive for mammals.is shrew-like in general appearance, has a grey-brown back, a grey belly, and a tail almost as long as its head and body. Measurements: Head-Body: 92-114mm; Tail: 102-108mm; Hind Foot: 19-24mm.
Very little is known about the reproduction ofin the wild. In captivity, copulation occurs from December to August and young are born from February to May. When was trapped in the wild during the month of April, no lactating females were captured and none of the animals were fully adult. This suggests that the breeding season is considerably shorter in the wild than in captivity.
- Key Reproductive Features
- gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)
is solitary and live in populations with individuals well spaced in the wild. They are primarily nocturnal and communicate with sound and scent. Vocalizations range from a soft twittering squeak to a loud scream. Both males and females give a repeated soft squeak during initial contact with unknown conspecifics. It is thought that this vocalization serves to reduce aggression and facilitate contact, especially between males and females. If interactions between conspecifics become aggressive, one or both interactors will give a loud repeated squeal. Finally, if threatened by a hostile conspecific or a predator, the animal will emit a single piercing scream. Shrew tenrecs also communicate by scent. Both male and female shrew tenrecs will mark areas with secretions from their cloacal openings as they move through a new area or during male-female encounters. Shrew tenrecs groom themselves by spreading saliva over their face and paws. It is possible that this saliva may function in olfactory communication during conspecific contact. does not usually enter torpor, but if the animal has sufficient fat reserves, it will become inactive, eat less and allow its body temperature to fluctuate to some degree with the ambient temperature.
- Key Behaviors
Communication and Perception
is insectivorous. In captivity, it readily eats insects, earthworms and raw ground meat. In the wild, it probably subsists on a diet of insects supplemented with ant eggs.
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative
This species of Microgale is not specifically threatened, but the island of Madagascar is rapidly losing much of its endemic fauna due to rapid deforestation of the tropical rainforest.'s ability to live in second growth forest may save it from extinction.
Sharon Jansa (author), University of Minnesota.
living in sub-Saharan Africa (south of 30 degrees north) and Madagascar.
- bilateral symmetry
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Convergent in birds.
forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality.
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
- native range
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
- scrub forest
scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons.
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
uses touch to communicate
Eisenberg, J.F. and E. Gould (1970) The Tenrecs: A study in mammalian behavior and evolution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, No. 27. Smithsonian Institution Press (Washington).
MacPhee, R.D.E (1987) The Shrew Tenrecs of Madagascar: Systematic revision and Holocene distribution of Microgale (Tenrecidae, Insectivora). American Museum Novitates 2889:1-45.