Rimicaris exoculata lives in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent system. It is absent in the Menez Gwen hydrothermal field but is abundant at the Transatlantic Geotransverse field. (Llodra, et al., 2000; Lutz, 2003; Lutz, 2004; Van Dover, 2000)
There is no information currently available which explains the mating systems of this species. (Llodra, et al., 2000)
There is no evidence of parental care in Rimicaris exoculata.
Rimicaris exoculata moves from one vent to another when their original habitat is no longer viable. Usually the larval stage disperses to different communities. The shrimp appears to be social, as thousands have been observed swarming around sulfide chimneys. (Van Dover, 2000; Vereshchaka, 1997)
Rimicaris exoculata feeds on microorganisms that grow on the sides of the sulfide chimneys, and free living microorganisms that float in the water column. It can also feed on photosynthetic particles that float down the water column from surface photo synthesizers. The planktotrophic larvae of Rimicaris exoculata feed on lipids that are stored in their bodies at birth. (Llodra, et al., 2000; Van Dover, 2000)
There are a few known predators of this species, including bythograeid crabs, hydrothermal vent anemones, and two larger species of shrimp, Chorocaris chacei and Alvinocaris markensis. Anti-predation mechanisms are unknown. (Van Dover, 2000)
Rimicaris exoculata is the most abundant species found on sulfide chimneys in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Potentially, it may be considered a keystone species. (Van Dover, 2000)
There are no specific benefits of Rimicaris exoculata to humans. (Van Dover, 2000)
There are no known adverse affects of Rimicaris exoculata on humans.
Rimicaris exoculata is not considered endangered or threatened.
Melissa Grimm (author), Rutgers University, Kruti Patel (author), Rutgers University, David V. Howe (editor), Rutgers University, Renee Mulcrone (editor), Special Projects.
the body of water between Africa, Europe, the southern ocean (above 60 degrees south latitude), and the western hemisphere. It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean.
on or near the ocean floor in the deep ocean. Abyssal regions are characterized by complete lack of light, extremely high water pressure, low nutrient availability, and continuous cold (3 degrees C).
Referring to an animal that lives on or near the bottom of a body of water. Also an aquatic biome consisting of the ocean bottom below the pelagic and coastal zones. Bottom habitats in the very deepest oceans (below 9000 m) are sometimes referred to as the abyssal zone. see also oceanic vent.
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect.
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
union of egg and spermatozoan
a method of feeding where small food particles are filtered from the surrounding water by various mechanisms. Used mainly by aquatic invertebrates, especially plankton, but also by baleen whales.
Animals with indeterminate growth continue to grow throughout their lives.
(as keyword in perception channel section) This animal has a special ability to detect heat from other organisms in its environment.
fertilization takes place within the female's body
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
specialized for swimming
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
Areas of the deep sea floor where continental plates are being pushed apart. Oceanic vents are places where hot sulfur-rich water is released from the ocean floor. An aquatic biome.
generates and uses light to communicate
the kind of polygamy in which a female pairs with several males, each of which also pairs with several different females.
mainly lives in oceans, seas, or other bodies of salt water.
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
one of the sexes (usually males) has special physical structures used in courting the other sex or fighting the same sex. For example: antlers, elongated tails, special spurs.
associates with others of its species; forms social groups.
breeding takes place throughout the year
Allen, C., J. Copley, P. Tyler. 2001. Lipid partitioning in the hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. Marine Ecology, 22(3): 241-253.
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Gebruk, A., E. Southward, H. Kennedy, A. Southward. 2000. Food sources, behaviour, and distribution of hydrothermal vent shrimps at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom, 80: 485-499.
Llodra, E., P. Tyler, J. Copley. 2000. Reproductive biology of caridean shrimp, Rimicaris exoculata, Chorocaris chacei, and Mirocaris fotunata, from hydrothermal vents. Marine Biology, 80: 473-484.
Lutz, R. 2003. Dawn in the deep. National Geographic, 203: 92-103.
Lutz, R. 2004. Exploring volcanoes of the deep sea. Asian Geographic, 3: 26-35.
Martin, J., R. Hessler. 1990. Chrocaris vandoverae, a new genus and species of hydrothermal vent shrimp (Crustacea, Decepoda, Bresilidae) from the Western Pacific. Contributions in Science, 417/4: 1.
Van Dover, C., B. Fry, J. Grassle, S. Humphris, P. Rona. 1988. Feeding biology of the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata at hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Biology, 98: 209-216. Accessed January 20, 2011 at http://www.springerlink.com/content/q60j1455n25130w8/fulltext.pdf?page=1.
Van Dover, C. 2000. The ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Vereshchaka, A. 1997. Comparative morphological studies on four populations of the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Deep-Sea Research, 44(11): 1905-1921.