Hemiscylliidae. There are seven described species and each can be characterized by their subterminal nostrils, thin pectoral and pelvic fins, and cylindrical body. Dark spots or pigmentation can be seen in juveniles but fade as they reach maturity. Their size and adaptability make them popular aquarium attractions. ("Bamboo Sharks", 2021; Bester, 2022; "Genus: Chiloscyllium, Bamboo Sharks, Shark-bamboo", 2015; "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark", 2015)species, or the carpet or bamboo sharks, belong to the family
Bamboo and carpet sharks can either be found gliding on the benthic seafloor or resting in coral reefs. They can be found anywhere between 0m-85m in depth and prefer sandy, muddy, and rocky environments. Brown-banded bamboo sharks can sometimes be found in tide pools, as they are capable of handling that environment for a lengthy amount of time. They are most active at night time when hunting for food. (Bester, 2022; Carroll and Young, 2017; "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark", 2015)
Phylogenetic relationships between sharks are hard to describe because researchers cannot always track their movements due to their natural environment. Researchers also do not know where sharks give birth and/or mate, so trying to track down families to determine relationships is difficult as well.
Like most sharks, not much is known about Chiloscylluim species' mating systems because they are rarely seen. Since this genus is popular in aquarium settings, it is easier to see mating in captivity, but many of them are the same sex or different species altogether. What is known is that males will bite the pectoral fin of females for about a half an hour while swimming in order to initiate mating. Copulation duration averages five minutes. There are many records of Chiloscylluim sharks going back to the same mating spots multiple times. ("Whitespotted Bamboo Shark", 2015; Wu, 2014)
Solitary animals like those within ("Shark Communication", 2017)make it challenging to gather data on communication techniques. However, researchers have found that the sharks' sense of sight is minimally used while the detection of smells, vibrations, and electrical stimuli is the sharks' main way to perceive their environment and communicate.
Sharks are oftentimes apex predators and keystone species in their environments, and (Bester, 2022)species are no different. Their ecological roles mostly consist of eating smaller organisms or hosting parasites.
There are no documented negative effects of (Bester, 2022; "Species Profile: The Whitespotted Bamboo Shark", 2021)on humans.
harli soura (author), Colorado State University, Audrey Bowman (editor), Colorado State University, Sydney Collins (editor), Colorado State University.
body of water between the southern ocean (above 60 degrees south latitude), Australia, Asia, and the western hemisphere. This is the world's largest ocean, covering about 28% of the world's surface.
uses sound to communicate
Referring to an animal that lives on or near the bottom of a body of water. Also an aquatic biome consisting of the ocean bottom below the pelagic and coastal zones. Bottom habitats in the very deepest oceans (below 9000 m) are sometimes referred to as the abyssal zone. see also oceanic vent.
having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
an animal that mainly eats meat
uses smells or other chemicals to communicate
having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect.
a substance used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease
animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature
uses electric signals to communicate
union of egg and spermatozoan
A substance that provides both nutrients and energy to a living thing.
fertilization takes place within the female's body
a species whose presence or absence strongly affects populations of other species in that area such that the extirpation of the keystone species in an area will result in the ultimate extirpation of many more species in that area (Example: sea otter).
having the capacity to move from one place to another.
specialized for swimming
the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.
active during the night
found in the oriental region of the world. In other words, India and southeast Asia.
reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body.
development takes place in an unfertilized egg
the business of buying and selling animals for people to keep in their homes as pets.
an animal that mainly eats fish
the kind of polygamy in which a female pairs with several males, each of which also pairs with several different females.
structure produced by the calcium carbonate skeletons of coral polyps (Class Anthozoa). Coral reefs are found in warm, shallow oceans with low nutrient availability. They form the basis for rich communities of other invertebrates, plants, fish, and protists. The polyps live only on the reef surface. Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, zooxanthellae, they cannot live where light does not penetrate.
mainly lives in oceans, seas, or other bodies of salt water.
remains in the same area
reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female
uses touch to communicate
the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south.
movements of a hard surface that are produced by animals as signals to others
uses sight to communicate
2021. "Bamboo Sharks" (On-line). Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://inaturalist.ca/taxa/87416-Chiloscyllium.
2015. "Genus: Chiloscyllium, Bamboo Sharks, Shark-bamboo" (On-line). Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/caribbean/en/thefishes/taxon/5755.
2017. "Shark Communication" (On-line). Sharks-World. Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://www.sharks-world.com/shark_communication/.
2021. "Species Profile: The Whitespotted Bamboo Shark" (On-line). We Love Sharks. Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://welovesharks.club/species-profile-the-whitespotted-bamboo-shark/.
2015. "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark" (On-line). Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://singapore.biodiversity.online/taxo4254/mainSpace/Whitespotted%20Bamboo%20Shark.html.
Bernal, M., N. Sinai, C. Rocha, M. Gaither, F. Dunker, L. Rocha. 2015. Long-term Sperm Storage in the Brown banded Bamboo Shark Chiloscyllium punctatum. Journal of Fish Biology, 86: 1171-1176. Accessed February 03, 2022 at https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezproxy2.library.colostate.edu/doi/pdf/10.1111/jfb.12606.
Bester, C. 2022. "Chiloscyllium puncatatum" (On-line). Florida Museum. Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/discover-fish/species-profiles/chiloscyllium-punctatum/.
Carroll, C., S. Young. 2017. "Grey Bamboo Shark" (On-line). The Wonderful Wildlife Of Samleon. Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://thewonderfulwildlifeofsamloem.wordpress.com/2017/09/27/grey-bamboo-shark-chiloscyllium-griseum/.
Harahush, B., A. Fischer, S. Collin. 2007. Captive Breeding and Embryonic Development of Chiloscyllium punctatum. Journal of Fish Biology, 71: 1007 - 1022. Accessed February 03, 2022 at https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezproxy2.library.colostate.edu/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01569.x.
Kyne, P., A. Bin Ali, F. Fahmi, K. Herman, B. Manjaji Matsumoto, W. Vanderwright. 2021. "Whitespotted Bambooshark" (On-line). ICUN Red list (online). Accessed March 04, 2022 at https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/124554059/124453319#geographic-range.
Masstor, N., A. Samat, S. Nor, B. Zain. 2014. Molecular Phylogeny of the Bamboo Sharks. BioMed Research International, 2014: 1-9. Accessed February 03, 2022 at https://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/213896.pdf.
Wu, T. 2014. "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark Mating" (On-line). Tony Wu. Photo-Naturalist. Accessed March 04, 2022 at http://www.tonywublog.com/journal/whitespotted-bamboo-shark-mating-chiloscyllium-plagiosum.
Wyffels, J., L. Adams, F. Bulman, A. Fustukjian, M. Hyatt, K. Feldheim, L. Penfold. 2021. Artifical Insemination and Parthenogenesis in the Whitespotted Bamboo Shark. Scientific Reports, 11: 1-12. Accessed February 11, 2022 at https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-88568-y.pdf.